Mouth Rot In Reptiles

Mouth rot (infectious stomatitis) is a very common health problem that can affect reptiles that are kept as pets, such as lizards, turtles, and snakes. An important predisposing factor of mouth rot in reptiles is stress. When a reptile is exposed to stressors, their immune system and function become compromised. When this happens, the bacterial population in their mouth multiply unchecked, resulting in mouth rot infection.

Affected reptiles exhibit loss of appetite, inflamed mouth tissues, thick pus, and dead tissues in the mouth, and there may also be drainage from the reptile’s mouth and nose. Without any proper medical intervention, the infection could spread the reptile’s mouth to the rest of the digestive system and/or into the lungs where it causes pneumonia.

Stressful conditions in the reptile’s immediate environment can be brought about by improper temperature gradients or poor humidity levels within the enclosure. An improper diet could also be an important predisposing factor. Wounds in the mouth and associated structures caused by restraining live prey, chewing on bedding material, or rubbing their faces against the walls of their enclosure could also be potential predisposing factors.

Any signs of illness exhibited by your pet reptile should warrant a call to your animal hospital London, ON immediately. Learn more here.


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