Struvite Bladder Stones In Dogs

Bladder stones in dogs are generally named based on the type of mineral that they are composed of. One of the most common types of bladder stones in dogs is struvite. Its mineral composition include ammonium, magnesium, and phosphate. Although this type of crystals can be found in urine, a problem can develop in the presence of a concurrent bacterial infection. Specific bacteria can digest protein metabolism by-products and produce ammonia. This can occur in any breed of dog except in cocker spaniels because they can form stones even without the presence of an infection. Ammonia creates a favorable environment for struvite stones formation in 3 various ways. Since it is toxic, it can cause irritation to the bladder which can lead to inflammation. This can eventually cause the influx of certain proteins that serve as building material for the formation of struvites. Ammonia also causes an increase in pH which is favorable to struvite formation. One of the important components of struvite stones is ammonia. 

Your veterinarians Thorold, ON is a valuable source of information about your pet’s health and well-being. 


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