Fanconi Syndrome is a kidney disease that has been known to affect dog breeds like the Basenji. The syndrome nearly killed all of the Basenji breed in the U.S. in the 1980s. The breed was saved when a breeder actually traveled to Africa to bring a healthy Basenji back to the U.S. to revive the breed as well as to breed out the genetic disorder of the Fanconi Syndrome. It’s important that if you work with a breeder for a Basenji that you check references and ensure the legality of the breed. You should insist on DNA testing to determine the presence of lack thereof of the syndrome before purchasing the pup. In general, the Fanconi Syndrome is a disorder in which tubules of the kidney can no longer reabsorb electrolytes or nutrients, but sends them out through the urine. Your vets London, ON can tell you the illness usually affects dogs aged four to eight.