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What Is The Most Common Cause Of Acute Renal Failure (ARF) In Cats?

Poisoning is a very common cause of acute renal failure in cats. It is a condition characterized by the acute or sudden damage to the kidneys. Poisons that have been implicated in ARF include ethylene glycol in antifreeze, heavy metals such as lead and zinc, acetaminophen, antibiotics, and drugs used in chemotherapy. ARF can also be caused by certain infections like Leptospirosis, low blood pressure, hemorrhage that result in inadequate flow of blood, dehydration, or shock. Unfortunately, the symptoms of ARF are not as obvious and cat parents may not realize the urgency of the situation. Early signs may include lack of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, or dehydration. Some cats urinate excessively, while there are those that stop urinating. Early diagnosis is necessary to effectively reverse the problem. There is a need to correct fluid and electrolyte imbalance, restore the pH, and provide symptomatic treatment. Kidney tissues that suffer only minor damage can heal over time. 

Sudden changes in your pet’s appetite or elimination habits should be brought to the attention of your veterinarian Washington DC sooner rather than later.

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