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Risk Factors Of Heart Failure In Dogs

Heart failure occurs when a defect in the heart makes it incapable of circulating blood throughout the body normally. In dogs, there are two conditions that can pave the way for heart failure-- a malfunctioning heart valve and a defect in the heart muscles (cardiomyopathy). There are several important factors that can increase a dog’s risk of developing heart failure. These include the following:

  • Breed predisposition - Some canine breeds have a strong predisposition to heart disease. Poodles (miniature, teacup, and toy), miniature schnauzers, fox terriers, Boston terriers, chihuahuas, cavalier King Charles spaniels, and cocker spaniels are more predisposed to heart disease that is caused by leaking heart valves. Doberman pinschers and boxers are more predisposed to cardiomyopathy. 
  • There is a high incidence rate of heart disease in male dogs than in female dogs.
  • Age - Older dogs have higher risks of developing heart failure compared to puppies and young adults.
  • Tooth and gum problems or chronic infections of the skin can aggravate a preexisting heart disease and heart failure. 

Talk to your veterinarian Washington DC if you have any questions or concerns about your pet’s health and well-being.

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