Bladder Stones In Dogs
The formation of stones or uroliths in any part of the urinary system is technically called urolithiasis. The are commonly called bladder stones because they tend to form in the urinary bladder however they can also form in the kidneys, ureters, and urethra.
Stones cause irritation and pave the way for infection in the urinary tract. Without proper veterinary intervention, the stone may continue to increase in size and cause distinct tissue changes that can lead to the presence of blood in the urine and painful urination. A stone/s may also lodge in any part of the urinary system and cause partial or complete blockage of urine flow. Thus, affected dogs may have difficulty in voiding urine.
Stones are formed when there is a high quantity of certain types of minerals in the urine. Another important predisposing factor that has been identified is an environment that is ideal for mineral oversaturation. This is brought about by a change in the pH of urine and increased concentration of urine that is accompanied by the availability or non-availability of crystal inhibitors. Poor water intake, high calcium in the blood, diet and an altered metabolism of urate are also important predisposing factors of urolith formation.
Consult your veterinarian Forest Hill, MD about how you can protect your dog from developing urolithiasis.